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Philisophies on Education 28526

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Philisophies on Education

In this paper I will discuss a variety of philosophers and their contributions to the study of human development. There are a numerous amount of philosophers whose ideas overlap, and their views are similar. In some instances the views and ideas were not the same. It was in fact, interesting to compare and contrast the various philosophers. In researching different areas of development I was able to relate some of my own experiences as an educator.
Erik Erikson has made a large contribution to psychology with his developmental theory. He believed human development occurred in stages. Erikson developed eight psychological stages. The stages are Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair. In the first stage he felt that an infant who gets fed when he is hungry and comforted when he needs comforting will develop trust. He also said that some mistrust is necessary to learn to trust. The second stage, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, occurs between ages two and three. During this period it is important



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