Affirmative action is a social policy aimed at reducing the effects of prior discrimination. The origin of the act was aimed at the recruitment of new employees, where employers should take positive actions to bring in members of minority groups into the workplace that have been overlooked in the past. The criteria of groups that have been previously discriminated against have been based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. While many people are for and against this act, it has seemed to bring about a new view to inequality.
President Lyndon Johnson first used the actual phrase of affirmative action on March 6, 1965 in his Executive Order 11246, which talked about this previous definition of affirmative action. He later expanded this order to include women especially. This law was brought into action after years of prejudice against certain groups despite numerous civil rights acts. (Discrimination was made illegal in 1964 with the Civil Rights Act). This new act was introduced to try to make a â€œlevel playing fieldâ€ for all Americans.
As defined in Paul Muchinskyâ€™s â€œPsychology Applied to Workâ€, the four main goals